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Glossary of Terms

Accessroutines

The Accessroutines program is a DMSII library program that controls access to the database, reads and writes records, and creates the audit trail.

DATABridge Plus enables DATABridge to perform near real-time replication of DMSII databases by accessing the audit file while the Accessroutines program is creating it.

audit file

An audit file is created by the DMSII Accessroutines and contains the raw format of changes made to the DMSII database by update programs. Audit file records contain the deletes, creates, and modifies that were made to the various structures. Depending on the frequency of changes made to a database, the information in an audit file can span a few hours or several weeks.

DATABridge uses the audit file for the raw data of each database change to exactly replicate the primary database. DATABridge records the audit location (AFN, ABSN, SEG, IDX) between runs, so it can restart without losing any records.

audit trail

The audit trail contains all of the audit files generated for a database. The DATABridge Engine reads the audit files to extract updates. It then passes the updates to the Client to be applied to the relational database. After the updates have been successfully extracted, the Client saves the state information, which includes the location in the audit trail from which the last group of updates for the data set were read.

caching

A process that filters files before they're requested by the DATABridge Client. Caching allows DATABridge Enterprise Server to send Client data requests quickly and without placing an additional resource burden on the mainframe.

client

The client is the computer system that will receive DMSII records from the primary database. The client could be a Windows computer, a UNIX computer, or an MCP server. The client can have a relational or a DMSII database.

cloning

Cloning is the one-time process of generating a complete snapshot of a data set to another file. Cloning creates a static picture of a dynamic database. DATABridge uses the DMSII data sets and the audit trail to ensure that the cloned data represents a synchronized snapshot of the data sets at a quiet point, even though other programs may be updating the database concurrently. DATABridge clones only those data sets you specify.

Cloning is one phase of the database replication process. The other phase is tracking (or updating), which is the integration of database changes since the cloning.

consolidated file

A file created by DATABridge Span that contains all replicated records from various data sets.

CONTROL file

The DMSII CONTROL file is the runtime analog of the DESCRIPTION file. The DESCRIPTION file is updated only when you compile a modified DASDL. The CONTROL file controls database interlock. It stores audit control information and verifies that all database data files are compatible by checking the database timestamp, version timestamp, and update level. The CONTROL file is updated each time anyone opens the database for updates. The CONTROL file contains timestamps for each data set (when the data set was defined, when the data set was updated). It contains parameters such as how much memory the Accessroutines can use and titles of software such as the DMSUPPORT library (DMSUPPORT/databasename).

DATABridge uses the CONTROL file for the following information:

  • Timestamps
  • INDEPENDENTRANS option
  • AFN for the current audit file and ABSN for the current audit block
  • Data set pack names
  • Audit file pack name
  • Database user code
DASDL

Data and Structure Definition Language (DASDL) is the language that defines DMSII databases. The DASDL must be compiled to create a DESCRIPTION file.

data set

A data set is a file structure in DMSII in which records are stored. It is similar to a table in a relational database. You can select the data sets you want to store in your replicated database.

DATABridge Director

DATABridge Director (also referred to as DBDirector) is a Windows Service installed with Enterprise Server that starts Enterprise Server whenever a connection request is received.

When you start your computer, DBDirector starts and reads the ListenPort registry value to determine which TCP/IP port communicates with DATABridge Clients.

DATABridge Plus

DATABridge Plus is an optional program that enables DATABridge to access and retrieve information from the current audit file. If you have not set Read Active Audit = true, the most recent audit file DATABridge can read is the current audit file minus one. For example, if the current audit file number is 23, DATABridge can access audit file number 22 (23 - 1).

DESCRIPTION file

The DESCRIPTION file contains the structural characteristics of a database, physically and logically. This file is created from the DASDL source by the DASDL compiler and contains the layout (physical description), timestamp, audit file size, update level, logical database definition, and any static information about the database. It contains information about the database, not the data itself.

There is only one current DESCRIPTION file for each DMSII database. DATABridge must have access to the DESCRIPTION file before it can replicate a database. Additionally, DATABridge uses the DESCRIPTION file information for consistency checks between the primary database and the secondary or replicated database.

The DESCRIPTION file corresponds to the schema in a relational database.

direct disk

A replication method that allows DATABridge Enterprise Server to clone and track DMSII data sets without using any significant mainframe resources. Direct disk replication requires a SAN (Storage Area Network) or Logical Disks configured to make MCP disks visible in Windows.

entry point

A procedure in a library object.

extraction

Extraction is the process of reading through a data set sequentially and writing those records to a file (either a secondary database or flat file).

file format conversion

A type of DMSII reorganization affects file size values (for example, AREASIZE, BLOCKSIZE, or TABLESIZE), but it does not change the layout of the records in a DMSII database.

garbage collection reorganization

A garbage collection reorganization moves records around, but it doesn’t change the layout of the DMSII database. Its primary function is to improve disk and/or I/O efficiency by eliminating the space occupied by deleted records. Optionally, a garbage collection reorganization reorders the remaining records in the same sequence as one of the sets.

null value

The value defined in the DASDL to be NULL for a data item. If the DASDL does not explicitly specify a NULL value for a data item, the NULL value is all bits turned on.

primary database

This is the original DMSII database that resides on the host. DATABridge replicates from the primary database to one or more client databases. The client databases can be another DMSII database or one of several relational databases. Compare this to the replicated (or secondary) database.

quiet point (QPT)

A quiet point is a point in the audit trail when the DMSII database is quiet and no program is in transaction state. This can occur naturally, or it can be forced by a DMSII sync point.

record format conversion

A type of DMSII reorganization that occurs when a data set or set (group of keys) is reordered or reformatted. It indicates that changes were made to a data set format, or to data items, such as changing the length of an item, for example, BANK-ID NUMBER (10) to BANK-ID NUMBER (15).

record serial number (RSN)

Record sequence numbers (RSN) are 48-bit quantities used by the DATABridge Engine, in the case of DMSII XE, to uniquely identify a record. RSNs will always be used instead of AA values when available except for data sets having embedded data sets. RSNs are always static; they will not change after a garbage collection reorganization.

reorganization

Structural or formatting changes to records in the DMSII database, which may require parallel changes to (or re-cloning of) records in the secondary, or relational, database. See also file format conversion and record format conversion.

replicated database

The replicated database is the database that usually resides on the client machine and contains records cloned from the DMSII database. The replicated database is updated periodically with changes made to the primary (original) DMSII database. The periodic update (or tracking process) is explained later in this section. Compare this to the primary database.

replication

Replication is the ongoing process of cloning and tracking changes to a DMSII database.

rollback

A systematic restoration of the primary or secondary database to a previous state in which the problem or bad data is no longer found.

secondary database

The replicated database. The replicated database is the database that usually resides on the client machine and contains records cloned from the DMSII database. The replicated database is updated periodically with changes made to the primary (original) DMSII database. The periodic update (or tracking process) is explained later in this section. Compare this to the primary database.

set

An index into a data set. A set has an entry (key + pointer) for every record in the data set.

structure

A data set, set, subset, access, or remap. Each structure has a unique number called the structure number.

subset

An index into a data set. A subset does not necessarily have an entry (key + pointer) for every record in the data set. Subsets are used to access selected members of a data set and to represent relationships between data set records. Subsets typically contain fewer entries than normal sets.

An automatic subset is any subset that contains a WHERE clause and is maintained by DMSII.

A manual subset is any subset that is maintained by an application.

table

A data structure in the client database corresponding to a data set or remap in the host DMSII database.

tracking

Tracking is an ongoing process for propagating changes made to records in the DMSII primary database to the replicated database after the initial clone. The DATABridge Engine performs extraction as well as tracking.

undigits

A NUMBER data item containing bit values from 10 to 15 in one or more digits. The digits in a NUMBER data item should contain values from 0 to 9; however, it is possible for the digits in NUMBER data item to contain values 0 to 15. Because values 10 to 15 are not valid digit values, the digits in NUMBER data items containing values from 10 to 15 are called undigits.